The Internet is a part of society and is shaped by society. And until society is a criminal offense-free zone, the Internet will not be a crime-free zone.
So what is a cryptocurrency? A cryptocurrency is a decentralised payment system, which basically lets people ship foreign money to one another over the online without the need for a trusted third party reminiscent of a bank or financial institution. The transactions are cheap, and in lots of cases, they’re free. And in addition, the payments are pseudo anonymous as well.
In addition to that, the main feature is that it’s totally decentralised, which signifies that there isn’t any single central point of authority or anything like that. The implications of this is completed by everybody having a full copy of all of the transactions which have ever happened with Bitcoin. This creates an incredibly resilient network, which means that no one can change or reverse or police any of the transactions.
The high degree of anonymity in there means that it’s very hard to hint transactions. It isn’t totally not possible, however it’s impractical in most cases. So crime with cryptocurrency– because you’ve acquired fast, borderless transactions, and you have got a high stage of anonymity, it in concept creates a system that is ripe for exploitation. So in most cases when it’s a crime online with on-line payment techniques, then they have a tendency to go to the authorities and, say, we can hand over this cost info or we will stop these transactions and reverse them. And none of that may occur with Bitcoin, so it makes it ripe for criminals, in theory.
In light of this, plenty of completely different companies are researching into Bitcoin and looking at Bitcoin and trying to know how it works and what they will do to police it. It’s also been within the media fairly a couple of times, and the media, being the media, like deal with the bad side of it. In order that they focus very closely on the crime with it. So if there is a theft or a rip-off or something like that, then they have a tendency guilty it on Bitcoin and Bitcoin users.
So probably the most notable is probably Silk Road, which got taken down just lately, and thru their $1.2 billion worth of Bitcoins, went to pay for anything from drugs to guns to hit males to those sorts of things. And the media, again, very Initial coin offering (ico) quickly guilty this on Bitcoins and say that it was the Bitcoin user’s fault.
But there’s really very little evidence of the scale of the issue of crime with cryptocurrencies. We do not know if there’s lots or we don’t know if there’s a little. But despite this, people are very fast to model it as a prison thing, and so they neglect the professional uses, such because the fast and fast payment.
So a number of research questions I’m looking at in this space is what does crime with Bitcoin look like? So a lot of people will say that scams and thefts have been occurring for ages. However the means by way of which they happen modifications with the technology. So a Victorian road swindler would practically be doing something very different to a 419 Nigerian prince scammer.
So the next query that I’d like to analysis as well is trying at the scale of the issue of crime with cryptocurrency. So by generating a log of recognized scams and thefts and things like that, we can then cross reference that with the public transaction log of all transactions and see just how a lot of the transactions are literally unlawful and criminal. So my last question would be, to what extent does the know-how itself actually facilitate crime? By trying back on the crime logs, we are able to see which explicit types of crime happen, and whether it is truly the technology’s fault, or is this just the identical old crimes that we’ve been looking at before. And once we’ve consider these things, we can start to think about doable options to the issue of crime with Bitcoin.